New survey shows labor market recovery resuming

Real-Time Population Survey suggests labor market conditions are closely tied to concerns and uncertainty around COVID-19.

A graph depicting employment rates.
Employed and at work rate, age 18-64. Black/square data is from Current Population Surveys. Blue/circle data is from the online RPS survey. The 95% confidence interval for estimates from the RPS survey are shaded in blue. (Courtesy VCU School of Business)

The employment rate increased the week of July 26 through Aug. 1 by 3.2 percentage points since late June to 64.9%, according to a report by economists from Virginia Commonwealth University and Arizona State University. The unemployment rate decreased by 0.9 percentage points to 15% and labor force participation rose, consistent with a broad uptick in labor market activity.

During May and early June, a variety of data sources, including the Real-Time Population Survey conducted by Adam Blandin, Ph.D., an assistant professor in the VCU School of Business, and Alexander Bick, Ph.D., an associate professor of economics at Arizona State, reported a strong increase in employment. However, between early June and early July, employment was essentially flat.

“A pause in the labor market recovery from early June to early July may have reflected renewed economic uncertainty in the midst of a new wave of infections across several states,” Blandin said. “However, in late July the [Real-Time Population Survey] found that the labor market recovery was underway again, with employment increasing and unemployment falling. This coincides with a decline in new virus cases in the last two weeks, again suggesting that labor market conditions are closely tied to concerns and uncertainty around the virus.”

Blandin and Bick started the Real-Time Population Survey out of a desire to use their skills as economists to help policymakers, reporters, analysts and the public during the COVID-19 pandemic. Since launch, their research has been cited widely in national publications such as The Wall Street Journal, Bloomberg, Business Insider, Forbes, The New York Times and The Washington Post, and has drawn attention from notable economists worldwide.

The Real-Time Population Survey closely follows the methodology of the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics’ Current Population Survey. Blandin and Bick have made improvements with each survey wave and plan to continue refining their methodology going forward.The Real-Time Population Survey is conducted in collaboration with the Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas. The results from this survey do not represent official forecasts or views of the Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas, its president, the Federal Reserve System or the Federal Open Market Committee.

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About VCU and VCU Health

Virginia Commonwealth University is a major, urban public research university with national and international rankings in sponsored research. Located in downtown Richmond, VCU enrolls more than 30,000 students in 233 degree and certificate programs in the arts, sciences and humanities. Twenty-two of the programs are unique in Virginia, many of them crossing the disciplines of VCU’s 11 schools and three colleges. The VCU Health brand represents the VCU health sciences academic programs, the VCU Massey Cancer Center and the VCU Health System, which comprises VCU Medical Center (the only academic medical center in the region), Community Memorial Hospital, Children’s Hospital of Richmond at VCU, and MCV Physicians. The clinical enterprise includes a collaboration with Sheltering Arms Institute for physical rehabilitation services. For more, please visit and